HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard markup language used to create web pages. HTML allows developers to structure and present content on the web. It is a fundamental language for creating websites, and it is important to understand its basics if you are interested in web development.
Why learn HTML?
Basic structure of an HTML document
An HTML document is made up of two main parts: the head and the body. The head contains information about the document such as the title and any meta data. The body contains the content of the document. The basic structure of an HTML document looks like this:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Page Title</title> </head> <body> <h1>Heading</h1> <p>Paragraph</p> </body> </html>
The `<!DOCTYPE html>` declaration tells the browser that this is an HTML5 document. The `<html>` element is the root element of an HTML page. The `<head>` element contains information about the document, and the `<body>` element contains the content.
HTML tags and attributes
HTML tags are used to define the content of an HTML document. Tags are enclosed in angle brackets, and most tags have a corresponding closing tag. The opening tag starts with `<` and ends with `>`. The closing tag starts with `</` and ends with `>`. Tags can also have attributes that provide additional information about the content. Attributes are added to the opening tag and have a name and a value.
For example, the `<h1>` tag is used to create a heading, and the `<p>` tag is used to create a paragraph. The `id` attribute can be used to give an element a unique identifier:
<h1 id="main-heading">Heading</h1> <p id="intro">Paragraph</p>
This is just a small sample of the HTML tags and attributes available. Learning HTML tags and attributes is an important part of creating web pages.
In conclusion, HTML is the foundation of web development, and learning it is an important step towards becoming a web developer. Understanding the basic structure of an HTML document and HTML tags and attributes is essential for creating web pages.